Nature and environment
During the 17th and 18th centuries the larger university towns all equipped themselves with Botanical Gardens, which, during the 19th century freed themselves from their original function as a subsidiary centre to the study of medicine and became independent scientific institutions that were essential to Botanical classes and research.
It is one of the oldest islands in the river Po, in existence since the 15-16th century.
The park takes its name from the adjoining palace, which was built at the end of the XVIth. Century, and which has the biggest public gardens within the city walls, covering an area of about 4 hectares.
This was originally the garden of the Estense Palace, the park owes its name to the Pareschi, who bought the palace in the middle of the XIXth century, and replanted its garden, by then converted into allotments, in the "English" fashion.
The reserve extends for 12 hectares near Porporana and is part of the Po riverside environment.
The territory of Barco is located between the city and the river Po. It was one of the Este's game reserves, related to the famous "Delizia di Belfiore", within the walls of the city, and so devoted to the entertainment and amusement of a refined and cultivated court.
The three lagoons are situated within the course of the River Reno and the Sillaro torrent, and occupy a total surface area of 1.624 hectares.
With the term Ecomuseum we mean a museum located within its human and physical environment.
A nature reserve and a deposit site of Mammoth bones, the centre assembles the fossilised remains of animals who lived on the Po Plain at the time of the last Ice Age and the Holocene era.
The "Peschiera" is a vast reed thicket that lies to the left before the bridge over the Volano in the locality of the same name.
This is a 5-hectare area owned by Società Eridania, an integral part of the adjacent abandoned sugar factory.
This small salt-water lagoon covers an area of 70 hectares, detached from the reclaimed Valle Gaffaro land.
It is one of the most humid and charming areas of the Po Delta Park. It has a surface of approximately 2,000 hectares and it is made up of three lagoon basins, Valle Nuova, Valle Bertuzzi and Val Cantone.
Boscoforte is a peninsula that stretches for about 6 km from the left bank of the Reno river in the Valli di Comacchio.
It is the result of the hydraulic structures built in what was once the Valle di Volano.
It has a surface of 170 hectares and it extends over 6 km; it is a state property owned by the Ministry of Agriculture and Forests.
The Comacchio Saltworks, one of the most interesting naturalistic areas of the Po delta Park for the fascinating flatness of its environment, interrupted only by the silent presence of the Casoni, the buildings in which the ancient salt extraction works were once based, is one of the most important birdwatching sites.
Comacchio Lagoons history and nature trail.
It is a strip of land that extends for about 2 kilometres between the mouth of the Volano and a narrow arm of the Sacca di Goro which separates it from the coast, the entire length of which is accessible on foot or by bicycle.
This 'cut' takes its name from a now almost vanished lagoon - in fact Valle Falce was the last area to be reclaimed in the whole country.
The port of Goro looks out onto this wide crescent-shaped cove, with an area of 2000 hectares.
The draining plant at Marozzo di Lagosanto is a pumping plant along the Po di Volano river.
This area, covered in dunes running in a North-South direction, is recognised by archaeologist as being one of the former coastlines of the Adriatic during the Etruscan period.
The Gran Bosco della Mesola covers an area of 1,058 hectares which represent the remains of a woodland complex, once much larger, which originated around the year 1000.
The forest is 4 km long, with a maximum width of 500 m. and a minimum of 100 m. The total surface is a bit more than 100 hectares.