City parks and botanical gardens
During the 17th and 18th centuries the larger university towns all equipped themselves with Botanical Gardens, which, during the 19th century freed themselves from their original function as a subsidiary centre to the study of medicine and became independent scientific institutions that were essential to Botanical classes and research.
The territory of Barco is located between the city and the river Po. It was one of the Este's game reserves, related to the famous "Delizia di Belfiore", within the walls of the city, and so devoted to the entertainment and amusement of a refined and cultivated court.
The park takes its name from the adjoining palace, which was built at the end of the XVIth. Century, and which has the biggest public gardens within the city walls, covering an area of about 4 hectares.
This was originally the garden of the Estense Palace, the park owes its name to the Pareschi, who bought the palace in the middle of the XIXth century, and replanted its garden, by then converted into allotments, in the "English" fashion.